Armagnac

The Armagnac is a brandy distilled wine that is produced in southwestern France, in an area bounded by the Garonne River and the French Basque country, in the French departments of Gers, Landes and Lot-et-Garonne. It is cultivated in about 20,000 hectares, geographically restricted Bas-Armagnac appellations (west), Armagnac-Ténarèze (in the scep...

The Armagnac is a brandy distilled wine that is produced in southwestern France, in an area bounded by the Garonne River and the French Basque country, in the French departments of Gers, Landes and Lot-et-Garonne. It is cultivated in about 20,000 hectares, geographically restricted Bas-Armagnac appellations (west), Armagnac-Ténarèze (in the scepter) and Alt Armagnac (east). Armagnac The origins are in the Middle Ages, but its production began in the seventeenth century, in Marciac (Bas-Armagnac) and Comdon (in Ténarèze), when Dutch traders transformed the local wine in brandy to lower transportation. It reached its apogee in the nineteenth century, until phylloxera destroyed the vineyards of "folle blanche" and was necessary to replant with American rootstocks resistant to phylloxera and the introduction of other grape varieties. In the production of Armagnac are distilled selected dry white wines, made from grape varieties: Ugni Blanc, Colombard and folle blanche. The process begins with a soft pressing, fermentation continues naturally wort that transforms into a white wine with low alcohol and high acidity. Stay for a few months at rest and distilled in a copper still pure, called "armagnaqués". The system is based on a boiler still divided into two or three containers, separates holed plates, connected by a valve which allows the bottom drain. Wine passes from the still Cuba and distilled before the vapors are condensed and the alcohol which gradually rises and is introduced through the top of the still, reaching a level of 60% by volume. Aged in French oak barrels, of forests in the area, the first liquor in barrels, with continuous racking, and then passes old casks that have contained old spirits, to prevent further incorporation of tannins and develop its characteristic bouquet . The Armagnac not correspond to a single year, but a mixture of several years, the age of Armagnac mixture always corresponds to the younger. Finally, the bottling is done a 40 degree graduation.

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