Cognac
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Cognac is a brandy-type drink obtained from the distillation of wines made from grapes from the French region of Cognac in western France.
Its elaboration is controlled by the French Bureau of the BNIC (Bureau National Inter...

Cognac is a brandy-type drink obtained from the distillation of wines made from grapes from the French region of Cognac in western France.
Its elaboration is controlled by the French Bureau of the BNIC (Bureau National Interprofessionel du Cognac), which establishes the fulfillment of three requirements:

The grapes used for distillation come exclusively from the departments of Charente-Maritime, Charente and some areas of Deux-Sèvres and Dordogne. Since 1938, the region has been divided into six distinct departments:
Great Champagne that produces the best cognacs.
Petite Champagne: the products of this area are similar to those produced in the Grande Champagne, but without the same finesse.
Borderies: the smallest of the six crus, the cognac produced here is a little rounder.
Fins bois: a large region that produces a less spicy cognac and rougher c the first three areas.
Good oxen: Cognac gives the region similar to fine woods.
Bois à terroir: Cognac region, which produces a rapid aging and characteristic flavor of terroir points.

The grape varieties used are: white Ugni (90%), white and Colombard loca
 
It is obtained from at least one double distillation in Charentais type copper stills. In the first distillation, the product obtained is called brouilli and under alcohol about 30%.
In the second distillation, only the nucleus of the distillation is maintained, the head and the tail is mixed again to brouilli.

 You can mix different from different years, varieties and vintages. It ages in oak barrels, which may only contain cognac.

The types of cognac vary depending on the aging time in the barrel, which is defined by the age of the youngest brand that is included:
VS Very Special: Cognac whose youngest brandy has at least 2 years of aging in barrels.
VSOP Very Superior Old Pale or Réserve: brandy whose youngest brandy has at least 4 years of age in barrels.
Napoléon, XO or Hors d'âge, VSOPXO Very Special Superior Old Pale eXtra Old): Cognac whose youngest brandy has at least 6 years of age in barrels.

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