Canada

Although it has one of the coldest climates in the world are grown in vineyards spread over 8,000 hectares mainly in four areas: Ontario, British Columbia, Nova Scotia and Quebec, and other less important as New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.    Ontario: Located in the province of Ontario, bordering the south by the state of New York, the w...

Although it has one of the coldest climates in the world are grown in vineyards spread over 8,000 hectares mainly in four areas: Ontario, British Columbia, Nova Scotia and Quebec, and other less important as New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island.    Ontario: Located in the province of Ontario, bordering the south by the state of New York, the wine area called Niagara Peninsula produces about 85% of Canadian wines. With a warm climate tempered by the breezes of lakes Ontario and Erie, and Niagara Falls, which reduces the effects of winter frost. Varieties grown Gamay, Pinot Noir, Chardonnay and Riesling. This region is the most famous Canadian winery, Inniskillin, whose origins date back to 1929, known for developing the icewine, ice wine, besides other as Pilliteri, founded by descendants of Sicilian immigrants in 1993, which produces a range of ice wines, late harvest sweet wines and varietal table. Falls are also at Peller Estates and Jackson-Triggs.    British Columbia: Located on the border with the state of Washington, the wine region located in the Okanagan Valley, is quite deserted, with extreme temperatures, hot summers, low rainfall and the coolness of the nights that necessitate irrigation. White varieties are cultivated German: Riesling, Gewurztraminer, Auxerrois and Bacchus, and inks: Pinot Noir, Merlot.    Nova Scotia: Located between the Ecuador and the North Pole, has three wineries, 40 growers and vineyard area of 60 hectares of vineyards, divided between hybrids and old vines as Michurinetz Russian varieties and Severnyi.    Quebec is a newly established wine region, has to produce wine since 1985. In extremely cold weather, growers cover the vines with soil during the winter to protect them from the cold, and hand-dug spring. Region is less favorable for viticulture. Imitating the technique of ice wine, cider is made of ice, conoicda as Neige, from native apples. The Canadian wine industry dates from the early nineteenth century. However, its development occurred after 1860 when when three prestigious Kentucky farmers bought land on Pelee Island (on Lake Erie) and planted 12 ha of Catawba grapes. Since then other growers were planting hybrid strains robust and rapid maturation that replaced local varieties of Vitis Labrusca. The 80% of the wines sold in Canada are white, including Icewine (ice wine), white wines and red table wines and late harvest. The Canadian wine quality is regulated by the Vintners Quality Alliance (VQA), a naming system created in 1988 to Ontario's wine country, and two years later adopted by British Columbia. For lower quality wines using the VA (Viticultural Areas) for wines made with less restricciones.

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