Do you think you know Spanish wine?
Spain is a land of wine; the Spanish wine regions all its regions and provinces in different microclimates and soils, making the country one of the major world producers, third, behind France and Italy, the second largest exporter of wine ranging in volume and the largest area of vineyards planted. The origi...
Do you think you know Spanish wine?
Spain is a land of wine; the Spanish wine regions all its regions and provinces in different microclimates and soils, making the country one of the major world producers, third, behind France and Italy, the second largest exporter of wine ranging in volume and the largest area of vineyards planted. The origins of wine in Spain date back to 3,000 years ago when the Phoenicians introduced in the Iberian Peninsula through Cadiz, Jerez and even where natural conditions favored its cultivation. Centuries later continued its development with the Romans, who introduced improvements in the development process and began the marketing of wines through the Roman roads. In the eighth century the Arabs, despite prohibit the use of alcohol, introduced significant improvements in viticulture and winemaking techniques developed. But the greatest progress occurred during the Reconquista, where hermits, monks and friars potentiated cultivation sheltered from monasteries and abbeys, to produce mass wine and cater to the pilgrims and the court. Thereafter, dynasties of nobles began marketing, contributing to the development of winemaking techniques and conservation that allowed bring the interior to the coast, and from ports such as Cadiz and Bilbao to countries in Europe and colonization was distributed New World.
The vineyard in Spain occupies an area of about one million hectares, with over 600 indigenous grape varieties, although production is concentrated in about 20 breeds, among which predominate: Tempranillo, Albariño, Garnacha, Palomino, Macabeo (Viura ), Carignan, Xarel.lo, Parellada and Airen. The wine regions will regulate the production of Spanish wines through the regulatory councils, among which are the designations of origin qualified Rioja and Priorat of international prestige, and Ribera del Duero, which has in recent decades become the most sought after in the markets, and with them the Jerez, where the English market plays a key role. The different wine regions base their production red wines from Tempranillo, adopting the names of Cencibel in Catalonia and Tinta del País in the Ribera del Duero and Castilla. For white wines, the designation of origin of Jerez, famous for its generous and fortified wines, and the Rias Baixas with Albariño and whites of Rueda Penedes, are the most recognized. However, other areas remained anonymous as Ribeiro, Valdeorras, Toro and others like Somontano that until recently elaborated only wine in bulk, have invested heavily in technology and research to achieve small fine wines, superb quality and or limited production, which conquered the critics and most demanding consumers.
Special mention should Cava, processing similar to the traditional champenoise, who from his cradle of Sant Sadurni d'Anoia has spread in areas of Valencia, Castilla, La Rioja and Navarra method. The Wines of Spain are classified in categories and subcategories: Protected Designations of Origin (PDO) and Protected Geographical Indications (PGI) constitute the system used in Spain to recognize differentiated quality, arising from characteristics such as soil, climate and ecosystem of a geographical environment in which they occur and the products are made. They are regulated by Regulation (EC) 1151/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012 on quality schemes for agricultural products and foodstuffs.
A Protected Designation of Origin DOP applies to a geographical location the quality or characteristics are due exclusively to a particular geographical environment with natural and human factors inherent in it, and production steps of which take place entirely in the defined geographical area . The DOP, are subdivided into Denomination of Origin Denomination of Origin, quality wine with geographical indication Vino de Pago, Wine Payment Qualified - The quality and characteristics are essentially or exclusively due to its geographical origin, including human factors and inherent cultural.
- 100% of the grapes come exclusively from the geographical area of production.
- Obtained from vinous varieties belonging to Vitis vinifera.
- All phases of production and processing are carried out in that defined geographical area.
A Protected Geographical Indication IGP applies to certain place, a region that possesses a specific quality that can only be attributed to its geographical origin and whose production phases, at least one, takes place in the defined geographical area. These are called "Vino de la Tierra"
- It has a quality, reputation or other characteristics attributable to its geographical origin.
- At least 85% of the grapes come exclusively from the geographical area.
- Obtained from vinous varieties belonging to Vitis vinifera and other species of the genus Vitis. - At least one of the phases of production and processing take place in the defined geographical area. Among them we find a wide range of good and cheap wines, different types of aging, hormingón tanks and wooden barrels of different oaks, and duration of aging that runs from 6 months to 60 months. At present, the development of wine tourism in virtually all wineries of different appellations of origin, has diversified the sector, so as to present the wine to audiences of all ages.
Appellation: D.O.Ca. Rioja Grape: Tempranillo, Garnacha Alcohol: 14.1% Winery: Paco Garcia Volume: 75cl.
Appellation: D.O.Ca. Rioja Grape: Tempranillo, Garnacha Alcohol: 13.6% Winery: La Rioja Alta Volume: 75cl.
Appellation: D.O. Valencia Grape: Moscatel, Viura Alcohol: 10% Winery: CVVM Volume: 75cl.
Appellation: D.O.Ca. Rioja Grape: Tempranillo Alcohol: 14.5% Winery: LAN Volume: 75cl.
Appellation: D.O. Toro Grape: Tempranillo Alcohol: 15% Winery: QUINTA QUIETUD Volume: 75cl.
Appellation: D.O.Ca. Rioja Grape: Tempranillo, Cariñena Alcohol: 12.5% Winery: La Rioja Alta Volume: 75cl.
Appellation: D.O. Somontano Grape: Cabernet S., Garnacha,Merlot,Tempranillo Alcohol: 13.5% Winery: Viñas del Vero Volume: 75cl.
Appellation: D.O. Ribera del Duero Grape: Tempranillo Alcohol: 14.8% Winery: DOMINIO DE ATAUTA Volume: 75cl.
Appellation: VT Castilla Grape: Moscatel Alcohol: 11% Winery: Cosecheros y Criadores Volume: 75cl.
Appellation: D.O.Ca. Rioja Grape: Tempranillo Alcohol: 13.10% Winery: Javier San Pedro Volume: 75cl.
Appellation: D.O.Ribeira Sacra Grape: Mencia, Garnacha Alcohol: 13% Winery: Dominio de Bibei Volume: 75cl.
Appellation: D.O. Ribera del Duero Grape: Tempranillo Alcohol: 13.5% Winery: Tinto Pesquera Volume: 75cl.